Plan B 4.0 Mobilizing to Save Civilization by Lester R. Brown

In effect, we “eat” 2,000 liters of water each day. (pg. 32)

This quote was just mind blowing.  Its crazy to think that we as consumers, consume up to 2,000 liters of water in food, daily. I mostly, not self conscious about what I eat or drink but from reading this quote I definitely want to check it out for my self. I know that water is a necessity in our live and we need it for survival but I feel as though many of us abuse it. I am guilty of it myself. I buy water when I don’t need it and throw away water bottles that are half empty because they have been sitting in my room for a while. In fact water doesn’t have an expiration date to it, and be consumed whenever. Its crazy to think that 2,000 liters of water go into the food we consume daily. Dry foods tend to last longer than water foods such as vegetables and fruits. Once they are put down you have a couple days to consumer then until they get rotten and moldy. I believe there should be more awareness of the water that we abuse but as human beings we need food to survive and water as well.

In a crash program to save its soils, the United States returned large areas of erodes cropland to grass, adapted strip cropping, and planted thousands of miles of tree shelter belts. (pg.37)

Its good to know that the United States instead of getting rid of eroded croplands, they turned them into grasslands helping the environment.  Many animals in the region would benefit from this cause because they use it as a source of food. The trees also serve as a source of shade and protects native animals and plants from the rays of the sun. Reading across this quote, taught me about doing the simple things can make a difference and a change. The United States could had chosen to leave the land as it was  but instead the changed it to grassland and helped its natural surrounding. There are some things that can be changed and some things that just can’t be. For the things that can be changed, change should happen, like saving soil and preservation.



In Mexico– home to a population of 109 million that is projected to reach 129 million by 2050– the demand for water is stripping supply. Mexico’s city’s water problems are well known. (pg. 41)

This quote is so too, because where my family lives in Mexico is completely dry and deserted. The demand for clean water is up the scale. The last time I went to Mexico to visit my grandparents from my dad’s side, I recall seeing families going down to a nearby ditch and bathing in it. The water was filthy, but for them it was suitable.  My grandpa uses underground water to water his crops in and provide water for the animals in his farm. He also uses that same water for house hold and for bathing as well. The underground water was crystal clear but not drinkable . My grandparents live on the northern area of mexico, but have heard that if you go more southern you can see more poverty and the demand for water and food. Poverty itself is an issue that not just happens in Mexico but around the world.




A Land Remembered by Patrick D. Smith

Rather than selecting quotes from this story, choose a character from the book. Briefly describe who the character is and their role in the novel. How does the character relate to their environment and the natural world? What is the character’s sense of place and legacy? How do you relate to this character? What is your sense of place and how does this relate to the character? What is your legacy and how does it relate to the character? Compare and contrast.

The character from the novel that I feel I can relate to is Emma, Tobias MacIvey’s wife. Her role and character in the book, The Land Remembered, consists of a strong women who fears for the wellbeing of her family. She is the typical housewife, in charge of households and having the food set for the the family. As a mother she is their for her child and as a wife she is supportive of her husband and his decisions, even though they weren’t what she would have wanted. Emma is describes by the author as a “personification of strength,” I believe deep down Emma was weak and filled with emotions that she would normally hide through her outer strength (pg. 15). Emma and her family live in an area of wilderness and isolation. Emma’s character can relate to the environment because they are both quite similar. Emma’s natural surrounding is wilderness and isolation and Emma and her family have always lived away from people. Emma’s sense of place is wherever her family is and the same strength that Emma posseses, so does her son Zech MacIvery. He is a brave strong boy just like his mother. I can relate to Emma in many ways, especially her childhood. Emma, at a young age knew the definition of hard work. She spend most of her youth helping her father out and didn’t experienced a loving childhood. She matured at a very young age which lead her to have a such strong personality. Like Emma, I was raised by two hard working individuals, my mom and dad. I grew up migrating from northeastern to southeastern following the crop season, more importantly following work. My parents never left us behind and we would travel with them twice a year. We basically did anything from paper work to picking up vegetables in the hot sun. This hard labor definitely helped me build inner and outer strength. Even though the work at times was hard, never once did me nor my brothers and sisters complained.  Like Emma, one of my greatest fears is to be alone without my family, without nobody. I know its something that we al have to face at some point of our lives but I am the type of person that wishes otherwise. My sense of place and legacy is to raise my kids the same way my parents raised me; learning what true hard work really is. Nothing in this world is easy , but hard work does pay off. I grew up in a tough environment that has affected the way I am today. It impacted my life in a positive way rather than negative. Like Emma, one day  I want my children to value what they have and not take life for granted, but to also work hard for a better future.

Endgame by Michael Grunwald

The usually mild-mannered Senator Mack once yelled at him to mind his own business, but Voinovich believed that if the Everglades was really “America’s Everglades,” as the Florida senator kept calling it, then a threat to the Everglades was America’s business. (pg.82)

America is a country that is developing in a fast pace. It has gone from a green piece of land in habited by a small population to being industrial with a population of over 300 million. With America being industrial, machinery has taken the place of hands and as result buildings are being built everywhere. When I think about America’s Business as the author mentions on the quote, I think about all the job buildings and construction being taken place not just here in Florida but across America.  Construction and buildings affect the natural environment because in order to build something, land is needed. As a result, trees and natural habitats are being teared down in order to allowed America’s businesses to be built. The location of the everglades is crucial because it is located in the center of Florida, and is in the middle of building locations. If the Everglades in in fact America’s Everglades then instead of America focusing on being “industrial,” it should focus on preserving and sustaining its natural surroundings, such as the Everglades.

I was focused like a laser beam on getting this passed, and the key was unity in Florida,” Kast recalled. (pg. 88)

It’s amazing what unity can do. Through unity, what one couldn’t do can be done. This quote made me think back to when the time when I  was taking a Leadership course and one of the activities consisted of flipping over a tarp with a group of 15 standing on it without any getting off the tarp. It was a tough challenge, but I remember the leadership coordinator telling us, “the key is unity.” Once we began to work together as a team, we were able to flip the tarp over without anybody stepping off. It took us a while to get it done, but t was accomplished. Its amazing what can be done when you work as team and through unity. I remember every person on the tarp doing their own thing hoping somehow they could flip it over, but it wasn’t until we began to work together that we were able to flip the tarp over. The key was Unity!

It  was a reminder that money doesn’t always talk. People talk, too. (pg.101)

In todays society, people actually believe that money talks. Just because someone has money doesn’t necessarily make them powerful.  Or because you have money, you are rich. Being rich doesn’t always refer to how much money you may have. A person can be rich with love, happiness, joy and blessings. And power can be given to anyone not necessarily the one with the most money. In some cases, money can talk but a person can be louder. In response to the quote money doesn’t always talk, people talk too. A persons opinions can speak louder than a million dollars. In the case of the construction of the airport in Everglades, the peoples concerns spoke louder than money. One thing money cannot do is silence the matter, and if something that matters is in the way, people will talk and be louder than money.





The Nature of the Everglades by Marjory Stoneman Douglas

Nothing anywhere else is like them: their vast glittering openness, wider than the enormous visible round of the horizon, the racing free saltness and sweetness of the massive winds, under the dazzling blue heights of space. (pg. 104) 

This quote is incredibly visual, and provides a beautiful and detailed picture of the everglades. It reminded me of my first experience with the everglades. My first, and sadly last visit to the everglades was when I was 11 years old. I went with my family and got to go on an air boat ride, which was so much fun. What I loved the most about the boat ride was the beautiful horizon view. I remember how beautiful the water was and the feeling of the air beating against my face; the racing free saltness and sweetness of the massive winds going against me. I also remember how beautifully the sun reflected on the water, like glitter had been poured on the water. The everglades provides more than a beautiful environmental scenery, it provides us with the opportunity to meet face to face with nature, and simple adore it for what it is.


The earth itself is so much older that time grows faint about it, in those hundreds of millions of years which, in its cooling and wrinkling and rising and wearing and changing, might have been but a single day. (pg. 129)

The earth is about 4.54 billion years old. It has developed from being isolated to nearly over populated. It has gone through an ice age, plague, and much more. I remember hearing about the Pangea in elementary school and thinking to myself how long ago did that occur, and I wondered if the earth new of its own change. Just like us, sometimes we don’t realize of our change until someone else points it out. Especially when it comes to age, we always want to look younger than what we are and don’t realize that we are getting older rather than younger. Coming across this quote and thinking about how old the earth actually is, is just unreal. From my life span it doesn’t even feel that old. It feels as old as I am until my parents or grandparents talk about their lives back in their lifetime. It amazes me to think about how old the earth is and that unfortunately not getting any younger.

The Big Cypress extends south from the Devils Garden, a wilderness of pine and scrubby stuff and bushes, near that done of land in angle of Caloosahatchee and the lake, south in great fingers which reach to the headwaters of the Turner River, as far down as the salt water and the mangrove. (pg. 143)

This quote was a big “WOW.” After about  9 years, I had no idea that I  lived on an area a part of Big Cypress. When I was 13 years old I moved to what people called the Devils Garden. I thought it was a spooky name and made me think what had happened that it was given such name. I hated having to drive almost  20 minutes down the Devils garden to get into the nearest town. The road that lead to it was small, narrow and so bumpy. All you came across while driving down it was swamps, grass, dirt and I never missed it, a beautiful sunset. In time to time I came across gators on the side of the road that were fascinating to watch yet scary at the same time because of their size. Unfortunately, I moved from the Devils Garden about a year ago but still miss its beautiful view.




The Land Ethic by Aldo Leopold

The image commonly employed in conservation education is “the balance of nature.” (Pg.68)

I remember back in elementary, maybe fifth grade to be exact, I was first familiarized with the theory “the balance of nature.” The theory itself, is very powerful because it means that everything in nature is balanced and thats very important for the survival of the human population. Too many of one things has an affect on an other thing. this goes in hand with humans, plants and animals, anything related to nature. For example, too much rain causes a flood and too little rain causes a drought. Like I mentioned before, having a balanced in nature is important for the survival of the human population; the air, trees, plants, animals are all placed perfectly to help us and sustain us as a species. For example, us as humans need the consumption of air, water, animals and plants in order to survive, not specifically one certain thing. Our survival is balanced where we need a little of everything to survive.

Land, then, is not merely soil; it is the foundation of energy flowing through a circuit of soils, plants, and animals. (Pg. 69)

When I came across this quote, I pictured a cycle of the land in which the soil, plants and animals were all connected and what keeps the cycle going is the land. The land is where soil, plants and animals stand on and without it there wouldn’t be a surface to stand firm on. The land gives these resources the energy needed for its sustainability and survival. The reason why they all connect in the cycle is because animals need plants and plants need soil and soil needs the decomposition of animals to help fertilizing and so on. The cycle then starts again, just as the human cycle we are born, develop as adults, grow old and eventually die and the we return back to the soil where we came from, according to biblical records.

Robinson’s injunction to Tristram may well be applied, at this juncture, to Homo sapiens as a species in geological time: Whether you will or not you are a king, Tristram, for you are one of the time-tested few that leave the world, when they are gone, not the same place it was. Mark what you leave. (Pg. 75)

I really like the comparison that Robinson made between Tristram and homo sapiens in geological time. The exert itself speaks a lot for itself. Personally, I liked the last sentence of the comparison “mark what you leave.” These small, yet powerful words leave an impact in my life, which in my opinion is the meaning for which those four letter words stand for. Mark what you leave, meaning leave an impact on the world and on others. It also makes me think of when someone touches someones heart in such way that changes them. As human beings we are constantly tested with trials and situations that come our way, yet it is our reactions to these things that marks who we are. We can either react in a good, conqueror way or in a defeated way by the trials that over come us. We all have a choice; a choice to mark what we leave.

Nature- Deficit Disorder and the Restorative Envirionment by Richard Louv

Those with a window view of trees, bushes, or large lawns experienced significantly less frustration and more enthusiasm than those employees, without such views. (Pg. 6)

I agree with this quote because I can relate to it. My work environment is structure in such way where it is very compact and hardly any space to move. Luckily, I have a beautiful view of the trees and sky that I like to glance at whenever I get a chance. I work as student assistance for the Student Involvement Department on campus and as you may be aware of, we always have students coming in asking for assistance. My job, at some point, can be stressful and having such a beautiful and peaceful view of nature can help my frustration levels tremendously. Having such view not only helps me mentally but also emotionally, giving me an exciting boost to get through my day.

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The Greener the setting, the more the relief. (Pg. 8)

This quote reminds me of how peaceful and calming nature is and most importantly the relief that it brings in our lives. Louv refers this wrote to the relief that children with attention-deficit disorders get through the use of the environment. “Greener” referring to outdoors activities, such as camping, fishing, swimming, and other nature activities. Green activities, as Louv describes outdoor activities, help relieve stress and other disorders such as anxiety. I suffer from terrible anxiety, and somehow I tend to find some relief through nature. Whenever I start to feel the hard breathing and burden on my chest, I just go outside and take deep breathes. I focuses on my beautiful surrounding; the trees, flowers, birds, anything and in minutes I feel calm again.

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More time in nature-combined with less television and more stimulating play and educational settings- may go a long way toward reducing attention deficits in children, and just as important increasing their joy in life. (Pg. 10)

Today, it is nearly rare to see a child playing outside. Kids, today, prefer to play video games, watch TV, navigate through the internet, rather than play outside. I believe this can be the case why we see many children suffering from deficit disorders. Many people don’t understand the importance of an outside activity. The word itself says it all “ACTIVE.” The reason for an activity is to help an individual be active; lively, and energetic, having good health. Being involved in nature related activities helps a person, especially a child, emotionally as well as physically. It provides them with the joy and health needed for life.

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This we know: As the sign over Albert Einstein’s office at Princeton University read, “Not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts.” (Pg. 12)

This quote is famous quote by Albert Einstein. I believe that through this quote Einstein was trying to give us his understanding of the world itself. How do we know that what we see is actually counted and what is counted actually counts, simply we don’t know what actually counts? This quote can be applied to basically anything in this world. For instance, how do we know if someone if telling the truth or a lie, or if a person is understood or not. At the end it comes down to each individual’s beliefs; what he or she believes based on what is seen, heard or touched. This quote in one of my favorite quotes because of its complexity and variation of meaning.

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